While we are all very well aware of the term ‘Autism’, most of us are relatively unaware of the complexities this single term entails. There are an estimated of 20 million people with autism in India, which implies that roughly 1 in every 68 have an Autism Spectrum Condition.
Understanding Children with Autism
Children with autism commonly have difficulties processing and integrating everyday sensory information such as sight, taste, sound, smell, etc. In other words, these children have unique ways of sensing and interacting with their world. While some may prefer a firm touch over a gentle one, others prefer to wear tighter clothes over loose clothes. Similarly, some children diagnosed on the autism spectrum may present with entirely different difficulties such as poor self-care behaviour or extreme likes or dislikes. Many children may even have difficulty in hearing specific sounds. These are just few examples to show the varied presentation of autism in children.
Due to these differences in processing and integrating information, these children may find difficulty in being independent and managing effective social interactions. In addition to these, they may have difficulties in motor skills, motor planning, coordination that may hamper their learning process.
What is ASD?
Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASD) are a group of developmental disabilities that can cause significant social communication and behavioural challenges. People with ASD handle information in their brain differently than other people. This is a spectrum disorder, in that it affects each person in different ways and can range from very mild to severe.
Autism Spectrum Disorder is distinguished as a characteristic triad of symptoms such as impairment in social interaction, impairment in communication and restricted interest and repetitive behaviour.